The outline of procedures from the preparation of the test to the results of the National Assessment of Knowledge in nine-year primary education
Preparation of Tests
Tests and marking schemes are prepared by Subject Testing Committees (STCs) for individual subjects. The procedure for test making usually consists of several steps:
- Definition of the structure of the test with regard to number and type of task (e.g. multiple choice, matching, short answers...), to taxonomy levels (e.g. according to Bloom: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation) and to content.
- Designing of a test grid with regard to the structure of the test (primer praznega mrežnega diagrama – pdf priponka).
- Setting tasks with parameters of the test grid in mind.
- Filling in of the test grid (primer izpolnjenega mrežnega diagrama – pdf priponka).
Tests and marking schemes are edited and formatted at the Centre; they are translated into Italian and Hungarian for pupils from the Italian and Hungarian ethnic minorities and certain adaptations are made in History, Geography and Music for each of the two minorities. The Centre also arranges for adequate adaptations of tests for pupils with special needs. Written tests for any individual session of the National Assessment of Knowledge (NAK) are determined by a Committee for the National Assessment of Knowledge (CNAK) ballot. For detailed information on the structure of tests for individual subjects, click here.
Protection of the Secrecy of Tests and Logistics
All preparation, printing, distribution of materials to schools and assessment procedures are designed with a view to providing secrecy of materials as well as anonymity of pupils and markers. Careful recording and coding of materials prior to sending them to schools provide traceability of all testing materials when returning tests and marking sheets to the Centre and during the marking procedures.
Testing and Assessment
Pupils from Years 6 and 9 take tests in individual subjects simultaneously on the day determined by the NAK Schedule of Activities. Tests take 60 minutes and are all in written form. The procedure of assessment in the NAK is slightly different after the second (Year 6) and third (Year 9) periods.
Schools send pupils' test papers from Year 9 to the Centre where STCs carry out a moderation of the marking scheme based on a random sample of tests. By doing so, they complete the marking schemes with answers that the test makers had not included but are nevertheless correct. Tests are then assessed by markers in special regional assessment centres under the guidance of chief examiners and their assistants.
On the other hand, test papers in the NAK after the second period remain at schools which send to the Centre only photocopies of a sample of pupils' scripts from Year 6. Members of STCs carry out a moderation of the marking scheme. Tests are then assessed by teachers at schools using the moderated marking scheme available on the Internet.
Gathering Data and Informing Pupils and Parents
Markers write scored points on special marking sheets, which allow for optical mark reading and data processing. In cooperation with STCs, the IT Department, Research and Development Unit and Examination Unit of the Centre then prepare statistical analyses and descriptions of achievement in the NAK of pupils from Years 6 and 9, which give pupils, parents, teachers and schools an insight into pupils' knowledge and abilities.
Pupils are informed about their achievement at schools, and their parents receive a special notice.