A national vocational qualification (NVQ) is a formally recognised work-related, competence-based qualification, which reflects the skills and knowledge needed to do a job effectively and shows that a candidate is competent in an area of work, or individual segments of work, within an area at a certain level of achievement, and as such, part of the national qualification framework.
An NVQ is shown by a public document – a certificate whose form and content are defined by the Minister of Labour.
The system of assessment and certification of NVQs in Slovenia is regulated by the National Professional Qualifications Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, Nos 81/2000, 55/2003, 118/2006, 1/2007) adopted by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs. This Act regulates the procedure and the competent bodies, agencies and organisations for adopting catalogues of standards of professional knowledge and skills, and the conditions and procedures for obtaining NVQs.
- Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs;
- Council of the Republic of Slovenia for Vocational and Professional Education;
- National Examinations Centre;
- National Institute for Vocational Education and Training;
- Slovenian Institute for Adult Education;
- providers of procedure for NVQ assessment and certification/accredited assessing bodies;
- Employment Service of Slovenia;
- chambers and responsible ministries.
The National Examinations Centre performs the following tasks as determined by the National Professional Qualifications Act:
- is in charge of development of methodologies and procedures for assessment and certification of NVQs;
- organises the training of candidates as members of panels for assessment and certification;
- compiles a list of questions and tasks for assessment and certification of NVQs;
- develops the network for assessment and certification of NVQs;
- keeps a register of providers of procedures for assessment and certification of NVQs;
- issues licences to members of panels for assessment and certification;
- keeps records for which it is legally authorised;
- monitors the work of panels for assessment and certification;
- reports yearly to the Minister of Labour;
- performs other tasks in accordance with the corresponding Act and regulations.
The objectives of the system of certification:
- gives public validity to non-formal and informal education, training and learning;
- substitutes for low adaptability in the formal system of education;
- enhances lifelong learning through the public recognition of knowledge;
- enables swifter response to the demands of the labour market for individuals who have acquired a certificate.